+ Fundão - Essay About a Metropolitan Connection

Intervention General Plan
Landing of infrastructural line on existing territory with expansion of its main strategical parts
Goal for new metropolitan connections
Infrastructural line and its particularities
Location map, overall objective and the main displacement relations
Main existing problems identified among Rio Metropolis and Fundão Isle
Diagnosing the territory: occupation characteristics and urban relations
Default program throughout the infrastructural line
Displacement alternatives enabling urban development
Specific interventions of infrastructural line
Indication of the sections below
Views of the main interventions

Primary Author

  • Luiza Schreier

Institution

  • Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Professor

  • Sylvia Meimaridou Rola (Adjunct Director of Extension)

Dean

  • Mauro Cesar de Oliveira Santos

Assignment

With new transportation alternatives, it is intended that Ilha do Fundão plays a major role in the metropolitan dynamics of Rio de Janeiro, becoming the protagonist of a modal node that will be fundamental and will enable its actual urban development. This proposal consists in the territory scale, understanding that the contemporary city should be conceived as a continuous structure that no longer differentiate architecture from urbanism, where the subjects are all mixed together in a large built compound endowed with endless roles. Therefore we propose a mega-structure. A wide range of urban infrastructure that prepares the territory to gradually and spontaneously receive the city with quality in urban areas. Once the infrastructure is proposed and bearing in mind the potential of each area it intersects, we can imagine a wide range of programmatic possibilities to be implemented along its way. The key feature of this territory - low occupancy rate and huge urban voids - enabling to land this great structure in the existing territory, undertaking the historical events that define such eccentric occupation and superimposing them to connect the individual buildings and allow the development of the city.

Project Statement

What if Fundão was envisioned as capable of taking important new metropolitan connections? What if these connections gave rise not only to the infrastructure required for the development of this area as a new opportunity to signify? The existing intersection in the mutual interest of the two agents - Fundão and Metropolis-, in a win-win relationship, is what promotes and drives the implementation of this project. The inadequacy of a road transport system before the expectations of a contemporary city; the saturation of expressways in the city; the subjection of an entire metropolis to a compact downtown area; the inefficiency of the current public transport system; the need for alternatives to connect and interrelate the Metropolitan Area as a whole; the disconnection between airports and bus stations; the potential of the Guanabara Bay to include waterway transport as a priority; the historical, social, political and economic opportunity created by hosting the world's biggest sporting events (World Cup and Olympic Games) in the last two years; these are some of the driving impulses when looking at the Metropolis of Rio de Janeiro. In the more specific case of Fundão Island, the determining factors are: a fractionated urbanism model, heritage of the troubled modernist construction of the island; large urban voids between the buildings constructed, which work as small independent cities dedicated to their inland dynamics; the lack of infrastructure and legal and urban incentive to develop a democratic city in the territory; the invasion of large private companies that deprive the territory from its largely academic nature; the opportunity that the unfinished urbanization creates for endless programmatic possibilities.

Project Description

In the metropolitan scale, the proposal is to develop a new connecting intermodal node, including the ferry station of Fundão, which, located in the very north of the territory, provides alternative routes to Niterói, São Gonçalo, Duque de Caxias, Magé, Botafogo, all potential sub-central points around the bay; and the new LRV (Light Rail Vehicle) line, which leaves the bus station NovoRio bound to the International Airport Galeão, crossing the territory of Fundão from north to south, passing by four stations to reach the new ferry boat station, connecting it directly to the BRT station and the bus terminal. In the territorial scale, a large infrastructural 60m wide stripe, made up of urban infrastructure of transport, public space, shops, services, water, sewage, drainage, electricity system, pneumatic collection of solid waste and underground transport of materials for disposal or supply cuts the entire territory of Fundão, connecting it to the Metropolis of Rio de Janeiro. This stripe works as a great electro-channel - structuring element of occupation, to which the adjacent volumes of various program possibilities connect and it acts as energy fuel for these programs, enabling progressive occupation. Defined a matrix in a territory not yet clearly formed, the infrastructural range, in addition to generate the appropriate suggested connections, creates the possibility of a virtuous continuous flow that exposes and enjoys the potential of the waterfront, opens the city to the sea, creates visibility, creates public spaces of connection between pre-existing ones and emphasizes the potential of their surroundings.

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Intervention General Plan